A space-age object is suspended from the gallery wall. It could be debris from a meteorite or an alien life form. But the phallic shape is telltale. This is the spindly, double-pronged dick of a honey bee. Artist Joey Holder has spent the last four years working on The Evolution of the Spermaledge, a project that focuses on the reproductive organs of insects. Using detailed 3D scans and microtechnology, she makes useable, human-scale dildos out of tiny insect penis templates. There are numerous featured invertebrate penises, including those of bed mites, weevils, houseflies and spiders. Specially cast in silvery, skin-safe silicone, the dildos are something to behold. Consider them David Attenborough meets sci-fi erotica, if that's your thing.
I caught up with Joey to ask her more about her fascination with bug genitalia.
VICE: Hi Joey, why exactly are you making insect dildos?
Joey Holder: Straight to the point. I like that. I have always been fascinated by the diversity of nature. I was looking into the weird mating of certain insects, in particular, the bean weevil. The male of this species pierces the female's abdomen with his penis and injects the sperm through the wound into her abdominal cavity. It may seem very wacky to us, but it's only one example of the curious sex rituals that insects enact. Honey bees' penises snap off and explode. Female praying mantises eat their male partners, sometimes even during copulation! I decided to uncover these strange practices by making 3D-printed models of the insect's genitalia and enlarging them to create dildos. I thought about how our own human sexual desires are categorised and how certain things considered "taboo". Spermaledge could help us think more openly. Every possibility exists within nature.
So have you actually used them?
I haven't used them yet, no. At the moment I guess they exist as "art objects". But they could definitely be used for pleasure purposes as they are made from skin-safe silicon. In the future, I hope to expand availability and explore that avenue. It's taken me a long time to get this far because of the high cost involved in producing the silicon.
I've noticed you quote feminist futurist Donna Haraway on your artist website. How does The Evolution of Spermaledge relate her work about sexual liberation, technology and ecology?
Haraway says, "We need a multispecies alliance, across the killing division of nature, culture, and technology". Often we seek to create divisions and hierarchies between living things and even non-living things. I aim to question the fixed way we have been taught to think of our bodies, identities, gender and biological capabilities. I want to encourage us to look outside of limiting categories. Looking towards other species can allow us to reflect on our own baffling existence, and be more willing to accept other possibilities. Culture and society designate what is "normal" or "desirable". The natural world holds a myriad of exquisite forms and behaviours, which are often invisible to us. We picture what life is like on other planets, yet what is present right under our noses is more otherworldly than anything imaginable.
I suppose the world of insect genitalia is indeed largely invisible to most people. Would you say that you want to capture the complexity of the natural world?
Definitely. There are animals which are simultaneous hermaphrodites (have both male and female sexual organs), those that produce asexually (reproduction involving a single organism), and those which are sequential hermaphrodites (can change from male to female or vice versa). There are also animals that "act" as the opposite sex. Homosexuality exists in almost every observed species. Darwin's theories were centred around reproduction, ie: that all living things have this one goal in mind. Males were thought to be promiscuous, dominant and aggressive and the females chaste and passive. For many people, it was just the natural order of the world. But the truth is far messier! Animals have been observed to engage in sex for pleasure, social interaction, demonstration of dominance or relief, or to barter for objects. We have been blinkered by our own cultural prejudices, casting animals in the kinds of roles we saw in the human world around us.
How does your work relate to your own experiences?
I used to be a scuba diver instructor. The underwater realm has a completely different set of rules: you can move around completely weightlessly, go in any direction. Vibrations and sounds can feel like they are all around you, or even inside of you. And the fish, crustaceans and whatnot - I was so surprised at first - they really don't give a fuck about your presence. It's as if they've seen everything, so a human with a scuba tank isn't worth a second glance! Within my work, I want to reflect on these otherworldly habitats and the creatures which live there, and most importantly what they can teach us.